Celebrated Tigers of India: B2 and Bamera of Bandhavgarh
Tigers are said to be highly terristorial, to the point where after another dominant tiger takes over the region, he kills the cubs of the tiger or tigress before to ensure that he rules over the area for a long time.Here have been instances where tigresses have adjusted to reduction in area of dominance to let other female tiger flourish, however in the case of male tigers this is a very rare incident. Moreover when tigers reach a certain
age, roughly around 2 years or 3 years of age, they are pushed out of the mother's region in order to create their own dominance. They can either choose to come back later and fight the mother or father for dominance in the region or go to a new place and start afresh.
There is also a very interesting behaviour trait in female tigress, they usually do not fight for dominance. They inherit the region after the death of the parents. The reason they do not fight is because, they have to take care of their children as under most circumstances the father often leaves. Usually, 3 or 4 female tigers can be spotted in one male tiger region. Bamera of Bandhavgarh is one of the few tigers that came back to challenge his father to take back the region he was pushed out of.
Bandhavgarh National Park situated in the Vindhya Range of Madhya Pradesh covers an area of 737 square kms as the core area and 763 square kms as the buffer zone. The landscape of Bandhavgarh is blessed with the most stunning variety with step ridges, undulating forests and open meadows. Not only the topography but also the vegetation is all accommodating. It ranges from tall grasslands to thick sal forests and gives equal opportunity to all flora and about 37 recorded speices of fauna to strive and grow in harmony.
Bandhavgarh National Park like the others was a reserved land for the Maharaja of Rewa for hunting, however in 1968, Maharaja of Rewa donated the land for the national park to be built. The National Park was established in the year 1984 and since then Bandhavgarh takes huge pride in housing the largest population of tigers in India, and is also a very successful breeding ground for the population of leopards and a variety of deers.
The pride of Bandhavgarh happens to be B2 Male, the tiger who along with Machli from Ranthambore received the TOFT (Travel Operators for Tigers) lifetime achievement award for bringing more wildlife tourism to India. B2 born in the year 1997 was the son of Mahaman Male or also known as Charger and Mohini Tigress. B2 stands for Bacchi 2 (the 2nd child of Bacchi), it was a name given to him from his mother, Mohini who the local people of Bandhavgarh referred to as ‘Bacchi’, in a lot of other parts he was also called Sunder.
B2 was a very calm and composed tiger, he has never ‘Mock’ Charged at any jeep. He would just walk along the road or cross the road and disappear. He is also said to have a very strong paternal instinct, which is a rare quality in Male Mammals. He has had almost 35 cubs in the span of 2001 to 2010. One of the stories is about his litter with Banbei Female of Tala Zone. She died a few months after the birth of the litter. The cubs were about a year old or a months older, B2 took the 3 cubs under his wing and taught them how to survive in the jungle. B2’s one of the last fights were with Bamera, on losing which he left the area. B2 died on November 21, 2011 at Sadol district. Eventually, B2 was cremated at Basahakol in Magdhi Range which is now his final resting place.
B2 blessed Bandhavgarh with a very capable son Bamera. Although Bamera did not have a very long rule and was eventually dethroned in 2016. He took after his father in all the other aspects, except one. He was born in 2004. He left with his sister towards Panpatha Sanctuary, Bamera Village and Bamera Dam in 2007 and returned to challenge the father in 2008. B2 was not only defeated but also seriously injured.
Although Bamera took the region in 2008, he was defeated and pushed out by Rancha Male, who killed his cubs in the natural order of dominance. Bamera eventually died in 2016 and he is remembered as a great opponent but not an apt ruler. He is also remembered for his calm disposition and quiet ways like that of his father’s.
The information was provided by Mr. Mukesh Burman.
He was born and brought up in Bandhavgarh and has been serving as a very knowledgeable guide for Bandhavgarh National park since 1998. His vast base of knowledge relating to Bandhavgarh and its tigers made me wish that I could see them for myself, but I am a few years too late!